Shimla Agreement Main Points In Urdu

The agreement did not mention prisoners of war; However, according to the second agreement signed in Delhi, India released more than 93,000 prisoners of war, including 195 war criminals, two years later. The agreement was agreed upon and signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak War, after which East Pakistan was liberated, leading to the formation of Bangladesh. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations. [4] T52 [3] This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of the ratification instruments. [4] (iii) Withdrawals begin with the demins of this agreement and are concluded within thirty days. [4] The agreement emphasizes respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity of the other.

It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and hostile propaganda. A more important issue, which was the point of delay between the two leaders, was “the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years will be resolved by peaceful means” – an obvious reference to the conflict in Kashmir. It was also agreed that “Indian and Pakistani forces will be withdrawn from their side of the international border… withdrawals begin to take effect and will be completed within 30 days. The agreement must be ratified by both countries and will enter into force as soon as the ratification documents are exchanged.┬áIn the evening, a dinner had been arranged; Once completed, the two guides set out for a walk on the airy lawns of Simla Governor House. It was a one-on-one meeting. After a while, the two leaders returned to the main hall and called the officials. Here, no one was allowed to participate either.

The text of the agreement had been vaguely formulated before and it must now be put to an end. P N Dhar of India and Pakistan Aziz Ahmad were above the project. A document was read to both leaders, which was eventually adopted after some modifications and was declared at the signing.

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